Agile Basketball Artifacts
Agile Basketball artifacts are the products and tools that provide transparency of data and opportunities for inspection, adaptation, self-organization and synergy. The artifacts that drive the Agile Basketball framework are designed to maintain data transparency, so that everyone in the program has a common understanding of what the data means. This ensures that management decisions and player value is optimized.
Performance Metrics Log
The Performance Metrics Log is a prioritized list of team and player metrics created by the analyst, which reflects input from past data and performance. Inputs include team goals and objectives, past Sprint performance data and any new metrics identified during the Sprint Review and Sprint Retrospective.
The Performance Metric Log is the key input to the Sprint Performance Dashboard. As the team gets a better understanding of how metrics impact the game and add value towards reaching player and team goals, the analyst is able to assign more accurate metric values and Recommended Team Values for upcoming Sprints.
Sprint Performance Dashboard
The Sprint Performance Dashboard is an ordered list of all of the metrics in the Performance Metrics Log identified by the analyst to be included in the upcoming Sprint.
The analyst is the owner of the Sprint Performance Dashboard and translates team goals and objectives into key performance metrics. The analyst assigns a value to each performance metric (see Estimating Player “Value” toward Team Goals and Tracking Velocity). The analyst also provides a Recommended Team Value for the team to strive for as their Sprint Goal.
The Sprint Performance Dashboard is a continuous work in progress. The first iterations of it only lays out the initial baseline of metrics. The Sprint Performance Dashboard evolves as the players and team performance evolves and as new metrics are identified.
As players understand how their contributions on a game to game basis add value and contribute to the team’s success, and as the analyst identifies new ways to measure value and add synergy, the Sprint Performance Dashboard provides more insight into the team’s progress and forecasted performance. Performance improvement opportunities never stop presenting themselves, and thus the Sprint Performance Dashboard is always highlighting new ways to measure value.
The Sprint Performance Dashboard can be refined by reprioritizing metrics, fine tuning estimated value, or adding details to the performance metrics definition or performance target in the Sprint Performance Dashboard. The Sprint Performance Dashboard metrics can only be updated by the analyst.
Higher priority Sprint Performance Dashboard metrics are usually more aligned to the team’s overall goal and more clear than lower priority metrics. More precise estimates are made based on experience from past Sprint Performance Dashboards and increased understanding of value for each metric. The players are responsible for estimating the value they plan to deliver.
The analyst may help the player by clarifying what must be done to achieve success or by renegotiating metric value, but the players, the one who deliver the outcomes, make the final estimate. This forces players to push themselves, and since they are setting their performance goals (with the assistance of the analyst and coaching staff) they are more inclined to achieve those goals and identify new ways they can create value.
This, in turn, makes players who are capable of creating their own value, much more valuable to the team. This is the win/win for both players and coaches in the Agile Basketball Framework.
The Sprint Performance Dashboard does not replace existing performance reporting. It is an extension of the team’s existing performance dashboard/reporting system and increase empiricism.
Sprint Performance Plan
The Sprint Performance Plan is the set of Sprint Performance Dashboard metrics selected for the Sprint, plus the plan for realizing their Sprint Goal. The Sprint Performance Plan is a forecast by the players about what metrics will be achieved and the strategy to achieve those goals and deliver a successful Sprint.
The Sprint Performance Plan adds transparency to the team and player game plans and the performance results necessary reach Sprint Goals.
The Sprint Performance Plan provided enough detail to clarify what each player and what the team as a whole is expected to deliver. Progress towards the Sprint Performance Plan is discussed during the Post-Game Meetings. Players can modify their Player Value Cards before the Sprint, and the team crafts its strategy, and the Sprint Performance Plan is created. This plan becomes more precise each Sprint as the team learns more about how metrics impact their ability to achieve Sprint Goals.
As the five game Sprint is completed, the estimated remaining progress to reach the team’s overall goal is updated. When performance metrics and/or strategies in the plan are deemed successful for a series of consecutive Sprints (two or more), the value of the metric is reduced, so that new areas of performance can take focus and be improved upon.
This is measured through Burndown Charts and other trending tools which measure the teams progress towards achieving its performance goals (see Burndown Charts for more information). The Sprint Performance Plan is a highly visible outline of the goals that the players and team plan to achieve during the Sprint and the strategy.
Player Value Cards
Agile Basketball provides a simple way for players to plan and achieve sprint goals and overall team goals through Player Value Cards. Player Value Cards are each player’s list of the metrics (along with their value) the analyst deems as important toward achieving the Sprint Goal.
Think of Player Value Cards as a menu for players, where they have a budget and must select a number of items, or metrics whose value total or exceed the budget, or Planned Value. Each game the player can review and adjust their Player Value Card, which is provided by the analyst.
Player Value Cards represent each player’s individual plan for helping the team achieve its Sprint Goals. Player Value Cards play into inspect, adapt, and self-organize functionality.
In Agile Basketball, burndown charts are used for tracking progress toward achieving the key performance metrics identified by the analyst in the Performance Metrics Log. Burn down charts are graphical representations of team performance metrics left to achieve versus the schedule.
The outstanding key metrics to achieve (or backlog) is often on the vertical axis, with time along the horizontal axis. The definition for successfully achieving a key metric must be understood by all stakeholders.
Remember, the metrics in the Performance Metrics Log are key metrics that the analyst identified as critical for achieving synergy and reaching team goals. Burndown charts allow the team to predict when they will be playing at the level outlined in Performance Metrics Log. Burndown Charts are part of the inspect and adapt functionality.
Five Game Increment
The Five Game Increment is the value of all the Sprint Performance Dashboard metrics successfully delivered during the current Sprint, and the sum value of the previous Sprints.
The number of wins is the main goal for measuring success of the Sprint and value points reflects team growth, or its ability to achieve greater success in the key areas that impact goal attainment. See Estimating Player “Value” toward Team Goals and Tracking Velocity for more explanation on how to measure value. The concept is through incremental inspection and adaption, empiricism is increased and metric value becomes a key indicator for predicting team success.
Sprint Scouting Reports
Scouting reports are a keystone of the team’s game strategy and player acquisition strategy. In Agile Basketball, the assistant coaches are responsible for evaluating opponent performance and providing pre-game scouting reports for the games within the Sprint. Pre-game scouting reports help the coach plan the team strategy for the upcoming Sprint.
In addition to the pre-game scouting reports, there are also player scouting reports which are provided by the scout team. Scouts are responsible for evaluating elite players across the league on their strengths, weaknesses and ability to add value to the team, based on data and observation.
At the end of each Sprint the coaching staff deliver Sprint Scouting Reports that identify players that fit the team’s identity, their priority rankings, the areas where they can add value to the team and its mission, and which of these player’s are available to join the team. The Scouting Reports are presented briefly during the Sprint Review Meeting and sent to the coaching staff or athletic director for further assessment.
Agile Basketball Artifact Transparency
Agile Basketball relies on transparency in order for the team to succeed. Transparency in the data, transparency in the player’s feedback, transparency in the team goals and transparency in the outcomes. Decisions to optimize value, make personnel decisions and craft a strategy are dependent on the quality and -transparency of the data that the team collects and analyzes.
If transparency is achieved, decisions can be based on quantitative analysis. If the data and analysis are not transparent, the resulting decisions will be poor, value and performance will diminish, and team winning may be compromised. The Agile NBA Consultant’s job is to work with the Team and the organization to increase the transparency of the artifacts. This work usually involves learning, convincing, and change.
The Agile Basketball Consultant works with the analyst, the team and management to ensure the artifacts are clear and understood by all stakeholders. It’s the Agile Basketball Consultant’s job to detect transparency issues by inspecting the artifacts, seeking out trends, paying attention to feedback, and highlighting deltas between planned and actual results.
The Agile Basketball Consultant is responsible for ensuring the program maintains artifact transparency and encourages player feedback. This involves observation, an understanding of team culture, persuasion, and adaptation.